Twenty years ago I reviewed the academic literature on the social return to government-funded research, and found it to be one of the most biased I have ever seen; the clear agenda was to lobby for more research money. I just went looking for more recent developments and found
The fact that the first piece of expert adviceis to hire more experts and give them high-status positions has been known for millennia:
"Now let Pharaoh take a man discreet and wise and set him over the land of Egypt." --- Genesis 41:33
Sorry to be somewhat off topic - but maybe this 'lobbying for state funding' aspect of research partly explains the liberal-left preponderance of academics - which (as Engram notes today at Back Talk - http://engram-backtalk.blog... infects all academic science that has political ramifications.