Real Policing

A columnist wary of police discretion in enforcing a teen curfew:

The County Council is considering an ill-conceived curfew for kids under 18 after a flash-mob gang fight … At the jam-packed hearing, Montgomery officers assured curfew skeptics and opponents that they weren’t out to lock up the kids coming home late from jobs or Harry Potter premieres. … So, how exactly do they plan on telling the good kids from the bad ones? I’m pretty sure most kids will forget their government-issued, GOOD KID ID badge every time they go out. A government-imposed curfew opens the door to harassment and profiling when what we need is policing of criminals and parenting of kids. (more)

A police officer responds:

Today’s Montgomery County police are part of one of the first generations of Americans to have grown up “color blind,” or for that matter, blind to all bias. ….

We are able to tell the bad kids based on their behavior. It’s the kids who come to hang out but never spend a dime at area businesses. The ones dropping the “F-bomb” so loud that you cringe when you’re walking by with your family. The ones who comment on the appearance of your daughters, walking behind them and taunting with comments so crude it would make a sailor blush. The ones who end up staying late, wanting to fistfight kids from other neighborhoods because of some street name or boundary line that is important only in their minds. The ones who follow you as you walk out of Silver Spring into the adjoining neighborhoods, snatching your iPhone and running to the Metro to get home. (more)

This exchange nicely illustrates the conflict between the ideals we want law to embody, of police just enforcing a clearly specified “law,” and the real messy peace-keeping tasks police actually perform. This police officer clearly expects to use lots of discretion in deciding who to harass. While it is not officially illegal to shop without buying, or to use swear words, or to care about neighborhood lines, he’d use those as indicators about whom to harass. He’d probably on average mostly harass kids that locals dislike, though he’d also probably act on personal biases and preferences. And I’ll bet that among police, the only unusual thing about his attitude is that he published it. Police must give lip-service to being “unbiased,” and local citizens will pretend along with them, if that’s what it takes to keep the peace.

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  • http://www.uweb.ucsb.edu/~criedel/ Jess Riedel

    And I’ll bet that among police, the only usual thing about his attitude is that he published it.

    This should be ‘unusual’.

  • pokojowka

    It’s worth noting that it is unlikely that some agents consciously value peace while hypocritically talking about other ideals. It is rather that the majority values peace of mind of not having to keep rethinking institutions and focus on their personal lifes.

  • pokojowka

    Do you bet that “bad kids” from hundred miles away are capable of any useful empathy to Robin Hanson for thinking about more unbiased police across the country? Some authority would need to teach them such norms – perhaps a policeman. 😀

  • http://1kib.wordpress.com Adrian Ratnapala

    As far as my limited knowledge tells, the policeman here has described a pretty good “bad kid” heuristic. In that sense it is unbiased, or if it is biased, it is biased against bad kids.

    And since in this case “harass” seems to mean “something or another short of arrest”, then what you call harassment sounds like a sensible approach to preventing trouble before it happens. Of course that doesn’t mean police need any more tools than they already have, or that a curfew is needed.

  • Paul

    “””Today’s Montgomery County police are part of one of the first generations of Americans to have grown up “color blind,” or for that matter, blind to all bias.”””

    How about that!!! No need for this blog anymore, eh? We can just ask the Montgomery Police to make decisions for us.

    (My skepticism in the ‘curfew-plan’ is rather unshaken).

    • Alex

      Blind to all bias.
      Watchmen crippled, without sight.
      Mindfulness is key.

  • http://cryptome.org Peter

    Or they could honestly just enforce it on every kid and make businesses that keep kids up late *validate* them in the same way they validate parking or work only driver licenses for alcoholics.

    I’m not a fan of curfews but am even less a fan of police discretion on anything.

  • http://www.marketingeconomist.com Peter St Onge

    When I lived in Japan I was struck by a different philosophy to policing. Japanese police are fairly laissez-faire about victimless crimes; whores solicit literally in front of the police station in Roppongi crossing, and kids sell pot fairly openly in Shibuya’s weekend market. Of course, the Japanese mafia famously operates openly and very much illegally.

    On the other hand, the police are very proactive about activities that disturb normal people. A drunk started singing on my street-corner and police were there within literally 3 minutes. The guy was in a wagon within 10 minutes.

    My layperson impression on the difference is that Japanese police are more professional, therefore their discretion is more trusted, therefore they have more de facto power to enforce (or not enforce) laws.

    • Thomas

      Yes Peter, the same policing methods that are perfectly fine in a civilized and peaceful society like Japan are obviously just as great when you are dealing with feral hominids engaged in some sort of low level guerilla warfare.

      I really wonder how the once common knowledge that “rule of law” presupposes security got lost. It’s peace -> security -> law -> freedom. Not the other way around.

  • anon

    In all fairness, I believe that loitering in a public place for no discernible purpose is actually illegal. And people who try to start fistfights or adddress others in ways that would reasonably make them fearful of violence can also be charged with offences. So I’m not sure what the problem is here: these police officers are enforcing existing laws.

  • Pingback: Overcoming Bias : Defenses of Hypocrisy

  • http://entitledtoanopinion.wordpress.com TGGP

    I haven’t been closely following the incidents of violent “flash mobs”, but it does seem like the kind of thing conventional clean-hands law enforcement would have trouble with. They would either need to have a presence anywhere an attack might happen (and thin spreading might result in being overwhelmed) or have very fast response times, unlikely since it tends to take too long for victims to even contact police.

    This website has been maintaining a list of news stories on such incidents, and this racist blog has a heavy focus on them.

  • steve

    I don’t really see how curfews would affect flash mobs at all. If they put ankle bracelets on all teenagers, and arrested every single teenager out after curfew it would only result in flash mobs being restricted to daylight hours. From the videos I have seen, several happened during daylight anyway. Curfews seem to be little more then doing something for the sake of doing something rather then solving any problem.